Essay Six


Informed Consent and a Legal Paradox
An Analysis of Common Rule
Anthony N. Lalli
 May 11, 1998
copyrights 1998 (c) Anthony N. Lalli All Rights Reserved



In 1947, the cold war was on the horizon, technology and science were in bloom, but fear reined in some of the rights of the American citizenry through the passage of the National Security Act (15). Pursuant to this Act, and without provisions for human research subject protection, some citizens were selected and sacrificed in the name of human subject research (4,5). Later, United States human research subject protection policy became contained in a document known as Common Rule (1). The early formulation of this policy began in 1974 (1b,3), and it seemed to arrest several serious human research subject abuses (4, 5). On the other hand, while the most noteworthy weaknesses of Common Rule policy are, the notion of minimal risks, the allowance of waivers and exceptions, and no guarantee of informed consent, yet it does provide for fundamental human research subject protections through the Institutional Review Board (IRB) and Federal Register (FR) disclosure, albeit, within those limits just cited.



To Open all Free Reads, enter your email address and click on the Verify Human button….

Agreement Reminder: The essays, letters and brief descriptions that I have written, and published at this web site, are written in the academic standard, which means they all have strong bibliographies.  Therefore, if you should paraphrase, or use direct quotes, or use excerpts, you are required to reference the pertinent essay. Read Full Agreement

Note: AHP does not sell email addresses.


You cannot copy content of this page